Know Your BMC


BMC at a glance

BrihanMumbai Municipal corporation is the governing civic body of Mumbai, established under the Bombay municipal corporation act 1888. BMC is India’s richest municipal corporation; its annual budget exceeds that some of India’s smaller states.


Total area 437.71 sq. km
Total population 1,20,00,000+
Total employees 1,20,000+
Annual budget Rs 12,000+ cr



Current City officials of BMC

Mayor Kishori Pednekar (22 November, 2019)
Deputy mayor Suhas Wadkar (22 November, 2019)
Municipal commissioner Iqbal Singh Chahal (8 May, 2020)
Police commissioner Hemant Nagrale (17 March, 2021)



Mayor – The BMC Head

BMC is headed by a mayor, who is an IAS officer. Elections are conducted after every five years for the Corporators. The mayor is elected from the party who gets the majority. Mayor is elected from among the Corporators and serves a term of 2-1/2 year. Mayor is the one who chairs the general body meeting of all Corporators and is the ceremonial head of municipal corporation.


BMC Corporators and their duties

Members are elected every five years from each ward, and are known as councillors or Corporators. Mumbai has total 227 seats and thus have 227 Corporators.

Corporators are the link between the public and the civic body. They have control over all the financial and budgetary matters, that is, approval of contracts, allocation of expenditure, determining taxes and all the other financial matters. They are responsible for the implementation of policies. The work is divided between various committees.


The BMC Commissioner

Commissioner is appointed by the state government, is an official of IAS rank of additional secretary. He ensures the smooth functioning of BMC and implements the decisions of the corporation. A commissioner can approve proposals having a financial outlay of Rs 20 lakh. If it exceeds 20 lakhs, then it is forwarded to the standing committee.


The need of local Corporators

For issues like, flooding, water logging, garbage maintenance, poor roadways and for the personal issues like birth/ death certificate, a local Corporator is needed.


Committees in BMC

Committees are responsible for monitoring specific tasks. They are comprised of Corporators. Nine are the statutory bodies whose orders are binding on the civic body.

  • The 227- member House
  • The mayor
  • The municipal commissioner
  • Standing committee
  • BEST committee; includes experts
  • Improvements committee
  • Education committee; has experts
  • The ward committee
  • General manager of BEST


The special committees

  • Public Health committee
  • Works committee (for city)
  • Works committee (for suburbs)
  • Law, Revenue and General purposes committee
  • Women and children welfare committee
  • Markets and garden committees


Recent addition to the committees

Tree authority- This is headed by the commissioner, unlike the others and it includes general public.

It is responsible for department of garden, saving the trees and mangroves destruction.


How work is done in BMC

  • Citizens take the proposal to the Corporators of their respective wards
  • The Corporator keeps the proposal in front of the ward committee, which at local level monitors the civic functions and includes officials and Corporators
  • If the cost of proposal exceeds Rs 5 lakh, the ward committee forwards it to the commissioner
  • Commissioner can deal with the financial amount of Rs 20 lakh, but if the proposal is more than that, it is forwarded to the standing committee, which is responsible for all the proposals which has financial commitment
  • The proposal gets examined by the standing committee and later gets to the final authority of 227- member House


The major departments of BMC

1. Department of solid waste management

  • Road sweeping
  • Toilet maintenance
  • Garbage clearing
  • Animal carcasses and solid waste disposal

2. Water works department

  • Provision of drinking water
  • Maintaining and operating water supply system


3. Sewerage department

  • Constructing and maintaining sewage infrastructure

4. Road maintenance department

  • Constructing and maintaining the roads and footpaths



5. Strom water drain department

  • Constructing and maintaining the Strom water drains

6. shops and establishments department

  • Renewing and registering the establishment licences
  • Regulation of work conditions in the establishments


7. Public health department

IN charge- executive health officer, and medical officer of health (MOH) – at ward level

  • Hospitals of BMC
  • Registering private nursing home
  • Regulating places for disposal of dead bodies
  • Curbing of communicable diseases
  • Immunisation
  • Sanitation of food, preventing the adulteration of food
  • Monitoring dog population
  • Pest control and insects
  • Impounding stray cattle
  • Control of trading which pose health hazard


8. Education department

  • Offering free education to children upto class Vll
  • Special education for differently abled

9. Building proposal department

  • Examining proposals for the development of land
  • Examining proposals to carry out additions, repair of buildings and alterations


10. Garden department

IN charge- superintendent and garden supervisor at ward level

  • Maintaining the gardens


The problems with respective departments

Water problems Water Works
Uncleared garbage Solid waste management
Hawker menace ward officer
Untidy roads Road Maintenance
Unkempt Garden Garden supervisor
Dog, cow, buffalo menace health department
Violation by builder, developer building proposal department
Cutting trees Garden department
Trimming trees Tree authority
Flood Storm Water Drain/Sewerage
Birth/death certificate Health department
Overflowing drain Sewerage
Malfunctioning sewage system Sewerage
Disposal of bodies, animal carcass health department